VINCENT VAN GOGH:
KEY IDEAS & CONTRIBUTIONS
IMPORTANT ART WORK
Starry Night is considered to be VanGogh's pinnacle achievement. The emphasis on his interior emotional life is clear in the swirling, tumultuous depiction of the sky. The landscape with its curves and lines, seems chaotic, yet the spirituality he found in nature shows itself throughout the painting. Oil on canvas NY MOMA
VAN GOGH INFLUENCED BY:
Millet, Rubens, Monet, Degas, Gauguin, Japanese Prints
VINCENT VAN GOGH :
Van Gogh’s canvases are densely loaded with, visible thick brushstrokes rendered in a bright, opulent palette. His painting emphasizes Van Gogh's personal expression – it is brought to life in paint. Each painting provides a direct sense of how the artist viewed each scene, interpreted through his eyes, mind, and heart. This radically idiosyncratic, emotionally evocative style has continued to affect artists and movements throughout the twentieth century and up to the present day. Van Gogh's importance in the art world will last far into the future. The tortured artist, Vincent Van Gogh strove to convey his emotional and spiritual state in each of his artworks. Although he sold only one painting during his lifetime, Van Gogh is now one of the most popular artists of all time.
VINCENT VAN GOGH
Vincent Van Gogh was born the second of six children into a religious Dutch family in the Netherlands. Van Gogh exhibited unstable moods during childhood, and showed no early inclination toward art-making, though he excelled at languages while attending two boarding schools.
As a young man he was relatively successful as an art dealer and stayed with it for almost a decade. In 1872, Then decided to pursue a life in the clergy but that didn't work out.
In 1880, Van Gogh decided he could be an artist and still remain in God's service, "To try to understand the real significance of what the great artists/masters, tell us in their masterpieces, that leads to God..."
Supported by brother Theo, Van Gogh moved to the Hague, and studied under Anton Mauve - member of the Hague School. Here he discovered French painter Jean-Francois Millet, who was known for depicting common laborers and peasants.
1885 - Van Gogh enrolled at the Academy of Fine Arts in Antwerp. He discovered the art of Baroque painter Peter Paul Rubens, with swirling forms and loose brushwork. Then he moved to Paris.
1886 - In Paris he studied with painter Fernand Cormon, who introduced the young artist to the Impressionists. Monet, Pissarro, Degas and Seurat, as well as pressure from Theo to sell paintings, motivated Van Gogh to adopt a lighter palette.
From 1886 to 1888, Van Gogh became acutely interested in Japanese prints and began to avidly study and collect them.
In late 1887, Van Gogh organized an exhibition for his work and his colleagues Bernard and Toulouse-Lautrec, and in early 1888, he exhibited with the Neo-Impressionists George Seurat & Paul Signac.
The majority of Van Gogh's best-known works were produced during the final two years of his life. In 1888, Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin lived and worked together in Arles in the south of France.
Gauguin and Van Gogh developed a concept of color symbolic of inner emotion and not dependent upon nature. Despite enormous productivity, Van Gogh suffered from various bouts of mental instability, likely including epilepsy, psychotic episodes, delusions, and bipolar disorder. He died 2 years after moving to south of France. In his last year of life he created a painting a day.
Loving Vincent is the world’s first fully painted feature film, bringing Vincent van Gogh paintings to life.
What happened in 1888 when Van Gogh took a blade to his own ear? We finally solve the mystery of Van Gogh's ear.
"Vincent's passionate belief was that people wouldn't just see his pictures, but would feel the rush of life in them."
BBC the power of art. Van Gogh and his stirring for life itself. Discovery of opposite colors and the senses.
Art Through the Ages by Gardner
Art History by Stokstad
Letters to Theo (pdf)
Annotated Mona Lisa by Strickland