Orientalizing - 700 BCE
Archaic – 600-500 BCE - Greek city states emerge
Early Classical (Severe) - 500-480 BCE - Greeks win second Persian War 480 BCE
Classical - 480-404 BCE - Peloponnesian Wars end in 404 BCE
Late Classical (4th Century) - 404-323 BCE –Alexander the Great dies in 323 BCE
Hellenistic - 323-80 BCE - Romans make
Greece a colony c. 80 BCE
"We are what we repeatedly do.
Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit." - Aristotle
- Temple of Athena Nike
- Victory adjusting her sandal
- Plaque of the Ergastines
7. Grave Stele of Hegeso (36)
8. Nike of Smathrace (37)
9. Altar of Zeus & Athena of Pergamon (38)
- Athena (from the Great altar)
- plan of the Great Altar of Zeus & Athena
10. Seated Boxer (41)
Ancient Greek architecture and figural representations are characterized by ideal proportions and representation are characterized by ideal proportions and spatial relationships expressing the society’s values of harmony and balance.
Their art provides the foundations for the later development of European and Mediterranean artistic traditions.
From the 18th century on, Europe and America admired Ancient Greek ethical and governmental systems: art and architecture that could be associated with political elites and cultural capital.
The Greek culture with a tradition of epic storytelling that glorified the exploits of gods, goddesses and heroes. They had a highly developed rhetorical tradition that prized public oratory and poetry.
Art of Ancient Greece & Rome is grounded in civic ideals & polytheism.
Etruscan & Roman artists and architects accumulated and adapted Greek objects and forms to create buildings and artworks that appealed to their tastes for eclecticism and historicism (social and cultural phenomena determined by history).
Archaeological models and artworks are identified by periods based on stylistic changes and assigned to periods according to styles (archaic, classical Hellenistic).
Art considered Ancient Greek is not defined by politics – governments of dynasties.
Artists were included by earlier Mediterranean cultures.